Royal Caribbean Results

Royal Caribbean Reports Record Third Quarter Earnings

Royal Caribbean Cruises

Royal Caribbean Cruises Ltd. (NYSE:  RCL) today reported record third quarter results of $3.49 per share, which includes a $0.20 negative impact from the recent hurricanes; updated full year guidance to a range of $7.35 to $7.40, which includes a $0.26 negative impact from the recent hurricanes; and introduced its new three-year program designed to further drive performance: 20/20 Vision.

KEY HIGHLIGHTS

Third Quarter 2017 results:

  • US GAAP and Adjusted Net Income were $752.8 million or $3.49 per share. Last year, US GAAP Net Income was $693.3 million, or $3.21 per share, and Adjusted Net Income was $690.9 million, or $3.20 per share. 
  • Gross Yields were up 5.6% on a Constant-Currency basis (up 6.2% As-Reported). Net Yields were up 5.3% on a Constant-Currency basis (up 5.9% As-Reported). 
  • Gross Cruise Costs per APCDs increased 5.2% on a Constant-Currency basis (5.6% As-Reported). Net Cruise Costs ("NCC") Excluding Fuel per APCDs were up 5.7% on a Constant-Currency basis (up 6.0% As-Reported). 

Full Year 2017 Forecast:     

  • Adjusted earnings per share are expected to be in the range of $7.35 to $7.40 per share.  This includes a $0.26negative impact from the recent hurricanes. 
  • Net Yields are expected to increase approximately 6.0% on a Constant-Currency and As-Reported basis. 
  • NCC Excluding Fuel per APCDs are expected to be up approximately 2.0% on a Constant-Currency and As-Reported basis.  

Outlook

The unprecedented series of hurricanes this summer devastated many people and places in Texas, Florida and the Caribbean and our sympathies go out to all those who suffered and are suffering losses. The repair and recovery efforts have been intense and most of the affected destinations served by our cruise ships have already been reopened or are about to be reopened. Financially, the storms were unusually impactful because of when and where they hit and the net effect was a cost to the company in excess of $55 million or $0.26 per share. Most of this impact was from lost revenue, but there were also direct costs associated with the storms and with the company's humanitarian efforts. In addition, there were significant timing shifts across a wide range of activities as expenses were shifted between quarters to adjust to the storms. Nevertheless, the company still expects to generate earnings for the year within the increased range of guidance provided prior to the storms.  

"We are only weeks away from crossing the finish line of our Double-Double program and I want to thank all of our employees for their remarkable efforts," said Richard D. Fain, chairman and CEO.  "The recent storms presented extraordinary challenges and I am extremely proud of the generosity, strength of character and sense of social responsibility displayed by our employees and the industry as a whole."  

20/20 Vision:

Our 20/20 Vision will continue to leverage the culture and discipline instilled by the Double-Double program. As part of our 20/20 Vision, we look to improve our already excellent guest satisfaction and employee engagement, while delivering our environmental commitments. These operational drivers are expected to further strengthen the foundation of the company and help deliver double-digit adjusted earnings per share by fiscal 2020, while further improving on our double-digit Return on Invested Capital.

"20/20 Vision will serve as a guiding light for the organization over the next three years. The program builds on our proven formula for success: modest yield growth, strong cost control and moderate capacity growth, while incorporating key operational drivers of our long-term progress," said Fain.  

THIRD QUARTER RESULTS

US GAAP and Adjusted Net Income for the third quarter were $752.8 million or $3.49 per share, better than previous guidance. Last year, US GAAP Net Income was $693.3 million, or $3.21 per share, and Adjusted Net Income was $690.9 million, or $3.20 per share.  

Gross Yields were up 5.6% on a Constant-Currency basis. Net Yields were up 5.3% on a Constant-Currency basis. This was better than previous guidance due to strong close in booking and pricing trends on China, Europe, and North American itineraries. While the hurricanes had a negative impact on overall revenue, they were neutral to Net Yields in the third quarter. 

Gross Cruise Costs per APCDs increased 5.2% on a Constant-Currency basis. Net Cruise Costs ("NCC") Excluding Fuel per APCDs were up 5.7% on a Constant-Currency basis. The reduction in capacity due to the hurricanes mainly drove the increase in the cost metric relative to guidance. Absolute costs for the quarter were better than expected, mainly due to timing. 

Favorable trends in fuel, in both price and consumption, also provided a benefit to the quarter. Bunker pricing net of hedging for the third quarter was $498.55 per metric ton and consumption was 322.4 metric tons. 

"Delivering record earnings during a period of such unprecedented disruption is a testament to the strength in demand for cruising and for our brands," said Jason T. Liberty, executive vice president and CFO. "Strong demand trends coupled with our continued cost discipline have put us in a strong position to successfully complete our Double-Doubleprogram. As a matter of fact, I am pleased to report that we have already achieved our Double-Double targets on a trailing twelve month basis through September 2017."

FULL YEAR 2017

The company expects full year Adjusted EPS guidance to be in the range of $7.35 to $7.40 per share. Excluding the cost of the hurricanes, Adjusted EPS would have been in the range of $7.60 to $7.65 per share. 

Constant-Currency and As-Reported Net Yields are expected to increase approximately 6.0% for the full year and NCC ex. Fuel per APCDs are expected to be up approximately 2.0% on a Constant-Currency and As-Reported basis. 

Taking into account current fuel pricing, interest rates, currency exchange rates and the factors detailed above, the company expects 2017 Adjusted EPS to be in the range of $7.35 to $7.40 per share.

FOURTH QUARTER 2017

Constant-Currency Net Yields are expected to be up 2.0% to 2.5% in the fourth quarter of 2017.   NCC ex. Fuel are expected to be up approximately 8.5% on a Constant-Currency basis. The year-over-year increase is driven by planned sales and marketing investments, timing of third quarter costs and lower than expected APCDs due to the hurricanes.

Based on current fuel pricing, interest rates, currency exchange rates and the factors detailed above, the company expects fourth quarter Adjusted EPS to be in the range of $1.15 to $1.20 per share. 

2018 OUTLOOK

The company is experiencing strong early booking trends for 2018. Booked load factors and APDs are higher than same time last year while the booking window has continued to extend.  Management is excited by the 2018 introduction of Symphony of the Seas in Europe next spring and Celebrity Edge in Fort Lauderdale in December of 2018. While still early in the booking cycle, the view for 2018 is encouraging and the company expects another year of solid yield and earnings growth.

FUEL EXPENSE AND SUMMARY OF KEY GUIDANCE STATS

Fuel Expense

The company does not forecast fuel prices and its fuel cost calculations are based on current at-the-pump prices, net of hedging impacts. Based on today's fuel prices, the company has included $177 million and $686 million of fuel expense in its fourth quarter and full year 2017 guidance, respectively.

Forecasted consumption is 65% hedged via swaps for 2017 and 56%, 47%, 36% and 14% hedged for 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021, respectively. For the same five-year period, the average cost per metric ton of the hedge portfolio is approximately $498, $421, $331, $340 and $351, respectively. 

The company provided the following fuel statistics for the fourth quarter and full year 2017.

 

FUEL STATISTICS

Fourth Quarter 2017

Full Year 2017

Fuel Consumption (metric tons)

334,800

1,315,800

Fuel Expenses

$177 million

$686 million

Percent Hedged (fwd consumption)

65%

65%

Impact of 10% change in fuel prices 

$7 million

$7 million

In summary, the company provided the following guidance for the fourth quarter and full year 2017: 

 

GUIDANCE

As-Reported                    Constant-Currency

Fourth Quarter 2017

Net Yields

Approx. 3.5%

2.0% to 2.5%

Net Cruise Costs per APCD

Approx. 7.0%

Approx. 6.5%

Net Cruise Costs per APCD ex Fuel

Approx. 9.0%

Approx. 8.5%

Full Year 2017

Net Yields

Approx. 6.0%

Approx. 6.0%

Net Cruise Costs per APCD

1.0% to 1.5%

Approx. 1.5%

Net Cruise Costs per APCD ex Fuel

Approx. 2.0%

Approx. 2.0%

GUIDANCE

Fourth Quarter 2017

Full Year 2017

Capacity Decrease

(0.6%)

(2.4%)

Depreciation and Amortization

Approx. $240 million

Approx. $950 million

Interest Expense, net

Approx. $65 million

Approx. $280 million

Adjusted EPS

$1.15 to $1.20

$7.35 to $7.40

SENSITIVITY

Fourth Quarter 2017

Remaining fiscal periods

1% Change in Currency

$4 million

$4 million

1% Change in Net Yield

$16 million

$16 million

1% Change in NCC ex fuel

$9 million

$9 million

1% pt Change in LIBOR

$6 million

$6 million

Exchange rates used in guidance calculations 

GBP

$1.33

AUD

$0.77

CAD

$0.78

CNH

$0.15

EUR

$1.16

LIQUIDITY AND FINANCING ARRANGEMENTS

As of September 30, 2017, liquidity was $1.9 billion, including cash and the undrawn portion of the company's unsecured revolving credit facilities. The company noted that scheduled debt maturities for the remainder of 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021 are $0.3 billion, $1.5 billion, $0.8 billion, $1.2 billion and $0.6 billion, respectively.

CAPITAL EXPENDITURES AND CAPACITY GUIDANCE 

Based upon current ship orders, projected capital expenditures for full year 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021 are $0.6 billion, $3.2 billion, $2.1 billion, $2.5 billion and $2.5 billion, respectively. The increase in the future capital expenditures relates to the ship modernization programs for Royal Caribbean International and Celebrity Cruises, called Royal Amplified and the Celebrity Revolution, respectively. In addition, the future capital expenditures include the acquisition of the Azamara Pursuit. Capacity changes for 2017, 2018, 2019, 2020 and 2021 are expected to be -2.4%, 3.8%, 6.6%, 4.2% and 8.0%, respectively. These figures do not include potential ship sales or additions that we may elect to make in the future.  

 

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME (LOSS)

(unaudited, in thousands, except per share data)

Quarter Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2017

2016

2017

2016

Passenger ticket revenues

$                    1,893,152

$                    1,899,956

$                    4,892,760

$                    4,794,653

Onboard and other revenues

676,392

663,785

1,880,618

1,792,145

Total revenues

2,569,544

2,563,741

6,773,378

6,586,798

Cruise operating expenses:

Commissions, transportation and other

409,597

400,933

1,060,176

1,060,391

Onboard and other

157,041

159,887

395,472

399,739

Payroll and related

210,764

214,081

636,861

671,955

Food

126,223

125,732

369,198

371,759

Fuel

160,752

178,772

508,914

531,283

Other operating

253,892

260,718

780,257

857,161

Total cruise operating expenses

1,318,269

1,340,123

3,750,878

3,892,288

Marketing, selling and administrative expenses

273,637

259,327

874,957

852,435

Depreciation and amortization expenses

240,150

229,328

710,836

661,712

Operating Income

737,488

734,963

1,436,707

1,180,363

Other income (expense):

Interest income

4,693

6,472

16,756

14,875

Interest expense, net of interest capitalized

(73,233)

(82,610)

(230,182)

(226,803)

Equity investment income

85,120

46,539

120,359

94,832

Other expense (including a $21.7 million loss related to the first quarter 2016 elimination of the Pullmantur reporting lag)

(1,226)

(12,107)

(6,546)

(40,965)

15,354

(41,706)

(99,613)

(158,061)

Net Income

$                       752,842

$                       693,257

$                    1,337,094

$                    1,022,302

Earnings per Share:

Basic

$                             3.51

$                             3.23

$                             6.22

$                             4.74

Diluted

$                             3.49

$                             3.21

$                             6.19

$                             4.72

Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding:

Basic

214,694

214,819

214,882

215,663

Diluted

215,824

215,667

215,905

216,575

Comprehensive Income

Net Income

$                       752,842

$                       693,257

$                    1,337,094

$                    1,022,302

Other comprehensive income (loss):

Foreign currency translation adjustments

5,889

4,043

14,210

8,423

Change in defined benefit plans

(1,990)

(5,051)

(6,280)

(12,148)

Gain on cash flow derivative hedges

230,245

95,536

381,660

254,624

Total other comprehensive income

234,144

94,528

389,590

250,899

Comprehensive Income

$                       986,986

$                       787,785

$                    1,726,684

$                    1,273,201

STATISTICS

Quarter Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2017

2016

2017

2016 (1)

Passengers Carried

1,512,363

1,558,224

4,371,235

4,365,144

Passenger Cruise Days

10,189,900

10,727,918

30,100,035

30,367,048

APCD

9,214,470

9,766,482

27,646,779

28,503,681

Occupancy

110.6 %

109.8 %

108.9 %

106.5 %

(1) Does not include November and December 2015 amounts for Pullmantur as the net Pullmantur result for those months was included within Other expense in our consolidated statements of comprehensive income (loss) for the nine months ended September 30, 2016, as a result of the elimination of the Pullmantur reporting lag, and did not affect Gross Yields, Net Yields, Gross Cruise Costs, Net Cruise Costs and Net Cruise Costs Excluding Fuel. 

 

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS

(in thousands, except share data)

As of

September 30,

December 31,

2017

2016

(unaudited)

Assets

Current assets

Cash and cash equivalents

$                       139,950

$                       132,603

Trade and other receivables, net

285,332

291,899

Inventories

119,949

114,087

Prepaid expenses and other assets

200,125

209,716

Derivative financial instruments

52,796

Total current assets

798,152

748,305

Property and equipment, net

19,688,872

20,161,427

Goodwill

288,517

288,386

Other assets

1,323,773

1,112,206

$                  22,099,314

$                  22,310,324

Liabilities and Shareholders' Equity

Current liabilities

Current portion of long-term debt

$                    1,515,708

$                    1,285,735

Accounts payable

384,536

305,313

Accrued interest

92,914

46,166

Accrued expenses and other liabilities

748,442

692,322

Derivative financial instruments

89,333

146,592

Customer deposits

2,226,179

1,965,473

Total current liabilities

5,057,112

4,441,601

Long-term debt

6,076,499

8,101,701

Other long-term liabilities

530,215

645,610

Shareholders' equity

Preferred stock ($0.01 par value; 20,000,000 shares authorized; none outstanding)

Common stock ($0.01 par value; 500,000,000 shares authorized; 235,134,180 and 234,613,486 shares issued, September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively)

2,351

2,346

Paid-in capital

3,375,969

3,328,517

Retained earnings

8,862,369

7,860,341

Accumulated other comprehensive loss

(526,894)

(916,484)

Treasury stock (21,059,191 and 20,019,237 common shares at cost, September 30, 2017 and December 31, 2016, respectively)

(1,278,307)

(1,153,308)

Total shareholders' equity

10,435,488

9,121,412

$                  22,099,314

$                  22,310,324

 

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS

(unaudited, in thousands)

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2017

2016

Operating Activities

Net income

$                    1,337,094

$                    1,022,302

Adjustments:

Depreciation and amortization

710,836

661,712

Net deferred income tax expense

516

1,601

(Gain) loss on derivative instruments not designated as hedges

(56,836)

6,353

Share-based compensation expense

52,469

22,041

Equity investment income

(120,359)

(94,832)

Amortization of debt issuance costs

37,562

39,425

Gain on sale of property and equipment

(30,902)

Changes in operating assets and liabilities:

Decrease in trade and other receivables, net

16,245

9,823

Increase in inventories

(6,131)

(6,379)

Decrease (increase) in prepaid expenses and other assets

10,211

(8,794)

Increase (decrease) in accounts payable

77,436

(17,313)

Increase in accrued interest

46,748

56,787

Increase in accrued expenses and other liabilities

12,870

17,929

Increase in customer deposits

256,855

197,277

Dividends received from unconsolidated affiliates

107,267

71,370

Other, net

2,720

21,650

Net cash provided by operating activities

2,454,601

2,000,952

Investing Activities

Purchases of property and equipment

(387,335)

(2,313,831)

Cash received (paid) on settlement of derivative financial instruments

57,004

(172,878)

Investments in and loans to unconsolidated affiliates

(8,611)

Cash received on loans to unconsolidated affiliates

31,633

22,470

Proceeds from the sale of property and equipment

230,000

Other, net (2)

(9,313)

(44,709)

Net cash used in investing activities

(78,011)

(2,517,559)

Financing Activities

Debt proceeds

3,682,000

6,038,560

Debt issuance costs

(25,987)

(83,793)

Repayments of debt

(5,598,198)

(4,818,262)

Purchases of treasury stock

(124,999)

(299,959)

Dividends paid

(309,162)

(243,557)

Proceeds from exercise of common stock options

2,499

1,782

Other, net

4,137

2,179

Net cash (used in) provided by financing activities

(2,369,710)

596,950

Effect of exchange rate changes on cash

467

(23,480)

Net increase in cash and cash equivalents

7,347

56,863

Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period

132,603

121,565

Cash and cash equivalents at end of period

$                       139,950

$                       178,428

Supplemental Disclosure

Cash paid during the period for:

Interest, net of amount capitalized

$                       147,789

$                       140,335

Non-cash Investing Activities

Notes receivable issued upon sale of property and equipment

$                                —

$                       213,042

(2) Amount includes $26.0 million in 2016 related to cash included in the divestiture of our 51% interest in Pullmantur Holdings.

 

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

NON-GAAP RECONCILING INFORMATION

(unaudited)

Gross Yields and Net Yields were calculated as follows (in thousands, except APCD and Yields):

Quarter Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2017

2017 On a Constant Currency Basis

2016

2017

2017 On a Constant Currency Basis

2016

Passenger ticket revenues

$                    1,893,152

$                    1,880,360

$                    1,899,956

$                    4,892,760

$                    4,907,927

$                    4,794,653

Onboard and other revenues

676,392

674,382

663,785

1,880,618

1,882,049

1,792,145

Total revenues

2,569,544

2,554,742

2,563,741

6,773,378

6,789,976

6,586,798

Less:

Commissions, transportation and other

409,597

406,500

400,933

1,060,176

1,062,632

1,060,391

Onboard and other

157,041

155,818

159,887

395,472

394,316

399,739

Net Revenues including other initiative costs

2,002,906

1,992,424

2,002,921

5,317,730

5,333,028

5,126,668

Less:

Other initiative costs included within Net Revenues

(1,843)

(1,843)

Net Revenues

$                    2,002,906

$                    1,992,424

$                    2,004,764

$                    5,317,730

$                    5,333,028

$                    5,128,511

APCD

9,214,470

9,214,470

9,766,482

27,646,779

27,646,779

28,503,681

Gross Yields

$                         278.86

$                         277.25

$                         262.50

$                         245.00

$                         245.60

$                         231.09

Net Yields

$                         217.37

$                         216.23

$                         205.27

$                         192.35

$                         192.90

$                         179.92

Gross Cruise Costs, Net Cruise Costs and Net Cruise Costs Excluding Fuel were calculated as follows (in thousands, except APCD and costs per APCD):

Quarter Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2017

2017 On a Constant Currency Basis

2016

2017

2017 On a Constant Currency Basis

2016

Total cruise operating expenses

$                    1,318,269

$                    1,311,964

$                    1,340,123

$                    3,750,878

$                    3,753,441

$                    3,892,288

Marketing, selling and administrative expenses(3)

273,637

273,121

257,430

874,957

881,067

845,808

Gross Cruise Costs

1,591,906

1,585,085

1,597,553

4,625,835

4,634,508

4,738,096

Less:

Commissions, transportation and other

409,597

406,500

400,933

1,060,176

1,062,632

1,060,391

Onboard and other

157,041

155,818

159,887

395,472

394,316

399,739

Net Cruise Costs including other initiative costs

1,025,268

1,022,767

1,036,733

3,170,187

3,177,560

3,277,966

Less:

Net gain related to the sale of Pullmantur and CDF Croisières de France brands included within other operating expenses

(3,834)

(3,834)

Other initiative costs included within cruise operating expenses and marketing, selling and administrative expenses

(2,252)

1,073

Net Cruise Costs

1,025,268

1,022,767

1,042,819

3,170,187

3,177,560

3,280,727

Less:

Fuel(4)

160,752

160,751

178,772

508,914

508,911

530,859

Net Cruise Costs Excluding Fuel

$                       864,516

$                       862,016

$                       864,047

$                    2,661,273

$                    2,668,649

$                    2,749,868

APCD

9,214,470

9,214,470

9,766,482

27,646,779

27,646,779

28,503,681

Gross Cruise Costs per APCD

$                         172.76

$                         172.02

$                         163.58

$                         167.32

$                         167.63

$                         166.23

Net Cruise Costs per APCD

$                         111.27

$                         111.00

$                         106.78

$                         114.67

$                         114.93

$                         115.10

Net Cruise Costs Excluding Fuel per APCD

$                           93.82

$                           93.55

$                           88.47

$                           96.26

$                           96.53

$                           96.47

(3) For the quarter and nine months ended September 30, 2016, amounts do not include restructuring charges of $1.9 million and $6.6 million, respectively.

(4) For the nine months ended September 30, 2016, amount does not include fuel expense of $0.4 million included within other initiative costs associated with the redeployment of Pullmantur's Empress to the Royal Caribbean International brand. 

 

ROYAL CARIBBEAN CRUISES LTD.

NON-GAAP RECONCILING INFORMATION (CONTINUED)

(unaudited)

Adjusted Net Income and Adjusted Earnings per Share were calculated as follows (in thousands, except per share data):

Quarter Ended September 30,

Nine Months Ended September 30,

2017

2016

2017

2016

Net Income

$                       752,842

$                       693,257

$                    1,337,094

$                    1,022,302

Adjusted Net income

752,842

690,911

1,337,094

1,050,031

Net Adjustments to Net Income- (Decrease) Increase

$                                 —

$                         (2,346)

$                                —

$                         27,729

Adjustments to Net Income:

Net loss related to the elimination of the Pullmantur reporting lag

$                                 —

$                                 —

$                                —

$                         21,656

Net gain related to the sale of the Pullmantur and CDF Croisières de France brands

(3,834)

(3,834)

Restructuring charges

1,897

6,627

Other initiative costs

(409)

3,280

Net Adjustments to Net Income- (Decrease) Increase

$                                 —

$                         (2,346)

$                                —

$                         27,729

Earnings per Share - Diluted

$                             3.49

$                             3.21

$                             6.19

$                             4.72

Adjusted Earnings per Share - Diluted

3.49

3.20

6.19

4.85

Net Adjustments to Net Income- (Decrease) Increase

$                                 —

$                           (0.01)

$                                —

$                             0.13

Adjustments to Earnings per Share:

Net loss related to the elimination of the Pullmantur reporting lag

$                                 —

$                                 —

$                                —

$                             0.10

Net gain related to the sale of the Pullmantur and CDF Croisières de France brands

(0.02)

(0.02)

Restructuring charges

0.01

0.03

Other initiative costs

0.02

Net Adjustments to Net Income- (Decrease) Increase

$                                 —

$                           (0.01)

$                                —

$                             0.13

Weighted-Average Shares Outstanding - Diluted

215,824

215,667

215,905

216,575



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