January 2014 U.S. Airline Systemwide Passengers Up 0.8 Percent from January 2013

2014-04-14
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  • Bureau of Transportation Statistics The U.S. Department of Transportation’s Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS) reported today that U.S. airlines carried 55.8 million systemwide (domestic + international) scheduled service passengers in January 2014, 0.8 percent more than in January 2013. The systemwide total was the result of a 0.2 percent increase in the number of domestic passengers (47.9 million) and a 4.3 percent increase in international passengers (7.9 million)

    The January 2014 systemwide load factor (80.3 percent), the domestic load factor (80.7) and the international load factor (79.6) were all record highs for the month of January, topping the previous highs recorded in January 2013.  Systemwide and international revenue passenger-miles (RPMs) grew faster than the rise in capacity measured by available seat-miles (ASMs).  Domestic capacity fell 0.2 percent year-to-year while RPMs grew (Tables 1, 5, 9). Load factor is a measure of the use of aircraft capacity that compares RPMs as a proportion of ASMs.

    Passengers on All U.S. Scheduled Airlines (Domestic & International),

    January 2009-January 2014

    Graph - Passengers on All U.S. Scheduled Airlines (Domestic & International), January 2009-January 2014

    SOURCE for recession dates: National Bureau of Economic Research, US Business Cycle Expansions and Contractions

    The passenger total was the highest for the month of January since 2008. RPMs also reached an all-time high for January while capacity measured in ASMs remained 7.0 percent below the 2008 peak for the month of January.

    Additional traffic data can be found on the BTS Airlines and Airports page.  Click on a link in the Quick Links box on the right.  For additional U.S. carrier passenger and freight data since 1996, see Traffic on the BTS website.

    Top Airlines

    Monthly: In January, Delta Air Lines carried more systemwide passengers than any other U.S. airline (Table 3). Southwest Airlines carried the most domestic passengers (Table 7). United Airlines carried the most international passengers (Table 11). The top 10 U.S. airlines carried 81.1 percent of systemwide passengers, up from 80.7 percent carried by the U.S. airlines that were in the top 10 in January 2013.

    Top Airports           

    Monthly: In January, more total systemwide passengers boarded planes at Atlanta Hartsfield-Jackson International than at any other U.S. airport. More domestic passengers boarded planes at Atlanta than any other U.S. airport while more international passengers boarded U.S. carriers at Miami (Tables 4, 8, 12).

    Reporting Notes

    Data are compiled from monthly reports filed with BTS by commercial U.S. air carriers detailing operations, passenger traffic and freight traffic. This release includes data received by BTS from 76 carriers as of April 1 for U.S. carrier scheduled civilian operations.

    Southwest and AirTran Airways are reporting as separate carriers with the exception of their financial reports.  They have one FAA SOC (single operating certificate), requiring that they utilize the same safety/operating procedures, but they have separate DOT 401 economic certificates, meaning they remain operating as separate economic entities.

    Go to http://www.transtats.bts.gov/releaseinfo.asp for the complete list of reporting and non-reporting carriers. U.S. carriers’ foreign point-to-point flights are included in system and international totals. To create a customized table for passengers, flights, RPMs, ASMs and other data, including non-scheduled service, go tohttp://apps.bts.gov/xml/air_traffic/src/index.xml#CustomizeTable

    For additional scheduled service numbers for U.S. airlines, U.S. and foreign airlines, by airline and by airport, see PassengersFlightsRevenue Passenger-Miles,Available Seat-Miles and Load Factor.

    Traffic numbers are available on the BTS website at TranStats, the Intermodal Transportation Database, at http://transtats.bts.gov.  Click on “Aviation.”  For systemwide passengers, RPMs and ASMs by carrier through January, click on “Air Carrier Summary Data (Form 41 and 298C Summary Data),” and then click on “Schedule T-1.” Use crosstabs to find scheduled service.

    For domestic numbers through January and international numbers through October by origin as well as by carrier, click on “Aviation,” then click on “Air Carrier Statistics (Form 41 Traffic).”  Click on “T-100 Market” for system passenger numbers, “T-100 Domestic Market” for domestic or “T-100 International Market” for international.  For flights, stage length and trip length, use the appropriate T-100 Segment database. Use crosstabs to find scheduled service.

    International totals in this press release consist of all U.S. carrier operations to and from the U.S. and from one foreign point to another foreign point. TranStats T-100 systemwide and international totals do not include U.S. carriers’ foreign point-to-point flights. For January, U.S. carriers reported 182,018 foreign point-to-point passengers.

    Data are subject to revision. BTS has scheduled May 15 for the release of February traffic data. None of the data are from samples so measures of statistical significance do not apply.

     

    Table 1. Scheduled Systemwide (Domestic and International) Airline Travel on U.S. Airlines

     MonthlyPrevious Calendar Years
    Jan 2013Jan 2014Change %20122013Change %
    Passengers (in millions) 55.3 55.8 0.8 736.7 743.1 0.9
    Flights (in thousands) 732.1 691.5 -5.5 9,287.4 9,161.3 -1.4
    Revenue Passenger Miles (in billions) 62.4 64.1 2.6 823.2 840.4 2.1
    Available Seat-Miles (in billions) 79.2 79.8 0.8 994.5 1,011.2 1.7
    Load Factor* 78.9 80.3 1.5 82.8 83.1 0.3
    Flight Stage Length** 761.4 792.2 4.1 755.0 770.1 2.0
    Passenger Trip Length*** 1,128.1 1,149.0 1.9 1,117.4 1,131.0 1.2

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market and Segment

    * Change in load factor points

    ** The average non-stop distance flown per departure in miles

    *** The average distance flown per passenger in miles

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 2. Total Systemwide (Domestic and International) Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

    Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

     201220132012-2013 Pct. Change20142013-2014 Pct. Change
    January 54.4 55.3 1.7 55.8 0.8
    February 53.1 52.5 -1.2    
    March 64.5 65.1 1.0    
    April 61.5 61.0 -0.8    
    May 63.7 64.8 1.7    
    June 66.6 67.1 0.7    
    July 69.2 69.2 0.0    
    August 67.8 67.7 0.0    
    September 57.4 58.2 1.3    
    October 60.9 62.1 2.0    
    November 58.7 57.6 -2.0    
    December 58.9 62.5 6.1    
    Yr. Total 736.7 743.1 0.9    

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 3. Top 10 U.S. Airlines, ranked by January 2014 Scheduled Systemwide (Domestic and International) Enplanements

    Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

    Jan 2014 RankCarrierJan 2014 Enplaned PassengersJan 2013 RankJan 2013 Enplaned PassengersPct. Change 2013-2014
    1 Delta 8.850 1 8.508 4.0
    2 Southwest* 8.569 2 8.047 6.5
    3 American 7.104 3 6.978 1.8
    4 United 6.755 4 6.916 -2.3
    5 US Airways 4.612 5 4.375 5.4
    6 JetBlue 2.340 7 2.383 -1.8
    7 ExpressJet 2.225 6 2.390 -6.9
    8 SkyWest 2.043 8 2.086 -2.0
    9 Alaska 1.535 9 1.475 4.0
    10 American Eagle 1.227 10 1.399 -12.3

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

    ** The merged Southwest and AirTran are now reporting separately although operating under a single certificate.

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 4. Top 10 U.S. Airports, ranked by January 2014 Scheduled Systemwide (Domestic and International) Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

    Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

    Jan 2014 RankAirportJan 2014 Enplaned PassengersJan 2013 RankJan 2013 Enplaned PassengersPct. Change 2013-2014
    1 Atlanta 3.228 1 3.295 -2.0
    2 Dallas/Fort Worth 2.313 2 2.192 5.5
    3 Los Angeles 2.060 5 1.863 10.6
    4 Chicago O'Hare 1.947 3 2.137 -8.9
    5 Denver 1.947 4 1.931 0.8
    6 Charlotte 1.689 6 1.591 6.2
    7 Phoenix 1.563 7 1.509 3.6
    8 Las Vegas 1.451 9 1.390 4.4
    9 Houston Bush 1.407 8 1.394 0.9
    10 San Francisco 1.401 11 1.303 7.6

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Market

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 5. Domestic Scheduled Airline Travel on U.S. Airlines

     MonthlyPrevious Calendar Years
    Jan 2013Jan 2014Change %20122013Change %
    Passengers (in millions) 47.8 47.9 0.2 642.3 645.6 0.5
    Flights (in thousands) 661.9 621.5 -6.1 8,444.8 8,314.5 -1.5
    Revenue Passenger Miles (in billions) 42.7 43.6 2.0 568.7 577.9 1.6
    Available Seat-Miles (in billions) 54.1 54.0 -0.2 682.0 692.2 1.5
    Load Factor* 78.9 80.7 1.7 83.4 83.5 0.1
    Flight Stage Length** 652.0 675.0 3.5 646.6 658.7 1.9
    Passenger Trip Length*** 893.4 909.2 1.8 885.4 895.1 1.1

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market and Segment

    * Change in load factor points

    ** The average non-stop distance flown per departure in miles

    *** The average distance flown per passenger in miles

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 6. Domestic Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

    Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

     201220132012-2013 Pct. Change20142013-2014 Pct. Change
    January 47.1 47.8 1.6 47.9 0.2
    February 46.4 45.7 -1.4    
    March 56.2 56.6 0.6    
    April 53.7 53.2 -0.9    
    May 55.7 56.6 1.5    
    June 57.9 58.0 0.1    
    July 59.7 59.3 -0.6    
    August 58.6 58.1 -0.9    
    September 50.1 50.8 1.3    
    October 53.8 54.7 1.7    
    November 51.8 50.5 -2.5    
    December 51.2 54.3 6.2    
    Yr. Total 642.3 645.6 0.5    

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 7. Top 10 U.S. Airlines, ranked by January 2014 Domestic Scheduled Enplanements

    Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

    Jan 2014 RankCarrierJan 2014 Enplaned PassengersJan 2013 RankJan 2013 Enplaned PassengersPct. Change 2013-2014
    1 Southwest* 8.569 1 8.047 6.5
    2 Delta 7.115 2 6.945 2.4
    3 American 5.223 3 5.196 0.5
    4 United 4.787 4 4.954 -3.4
    5 US Airways 4.111 5 3.860 6.5
    6 ExpressJet 1.993 6 2.157 -7.6
    7 JetBlue 1.924 7 2.041 -5.7
    8 SkyWest 1.923 8 1.979 -2.8
    9 Alaska 1.366 9 1.317 3.7
    10 American Eagle 1.115 11 1.257 -11.3

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

    * The merged Southwest and AirTran are now reporting separately although operating under a single certificate.

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 8. Top 10 U.S. Airports, ranked by January 2014 Domestic Scheduled Enplanements

    Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

    Jan 2014 RankAirportJan 2014 Enplaned PassengersJan 2013 RankJan 2013 Enplaned PassengersPct. Change 2013-2014
    1 Atlanta 2.883 1 2.988 -3.5
    2 Dallas/Fort Worth 2.084 2 1.994 4.5
    3 Los Angeles 1.883 5 1.714 9.8
    4 Denver 1.878 4 1.879 -0.1
    5 Chicago O'Hare 1.755 3 1.928 -9.0
    6 Charlotte 1.591 6 1.496 6.3
    7 Phoenix 1.500 7 1.444 3.9
    8 Las Vegas 1.449 8 1.388 4.4
    9 San Francisco 1.266 10 1.175 7.7
    10 Orlando 1.223 9 1.232 -0.7

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 Domestic Market

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 9. International Scheduled Airline Travel on U.S. Airlines

     MonthlyPrevious Calendar Years
    Jan 2013Jan 2014Change %20122013Change %
    Passengers (in millions) 7.5 7.9 4.3 94.4 97.5 3.3
    Flights (in thousands) 70.2 69.9 -0.4 842.6 846.8 0.5
    Revenue Passenger Miles (in billions) 19.7 20.5 4.0 254.5 262.5 3.2
    Available Seat-Miles (in billions) 25.0 25.8 2.9 312.5 318.9 2.1
    Load Factor* 78.8 79.6 0.9 81.4 82.3 0.9
    Flight Stage Length** 1,793.0 1,834.0 2.3 1,841.3 1,864.1 1.2
    Passenger Trip Length*** 2,618.3 2,611.9 -0.2 2,695.7 2,693.1 -0.1

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market and Segment

    * Change in load factor points

    ** The average non-stop distance flown per departure in miles

    *** The average distance flown per passenger in miles

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 10. International Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

    Passenger numbers in millions (000,000)

     201220132012-2013 Pct. Change20142013-2014 Pct. Change
    January 7.4 7.5 2.3 7.9 4.3
    February 6.7 6.8 0.8    
    March 8.3 8.5 3.3    
    April 7.8 7.8 -0.6    
    May 7.9 8.2 3.7    
    June 8.7 9.1 4.3    
    July 9.5 9.9 4.3    
    August 9.1 9.6 5.5    
    September 7.3 7.4 1.9    
    October 7.2 7.5 4.2    
    November 6.9 7.1 2.3    
    December 7.7 8.2 5.9    
    Yr. Total 94.4 97.5 3.3    

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 11. Top 10 U.S. Airlines, ranked by January 2014 International Scheduled Enplanements

    Passenger numbers in thousands (000)

    Jan 2014 RankCarrierJan 2014 Enplaned PassengersJan 2013 RankJan 2013 Enplaned PassengersPct. Change 2013-2014
    1 United 1,967.7 1 1,962.2 0.3
    2 American 1,881.6 2 1,781.9 5.6
    3 Delta 1,735.0 3 1,562.1 11.1
    4 US Airways 501.0 4 515.3 -2.8
    5 JetBlue 415.8 5 342.2 21.5
    6 ExpressJet 232.4 6 232.7 -0.1
    7 Alaska 169.1 7 158.4 6.8
    8 AirTran* 142.7 9 115.3 23.7
    9 Spirit 120.9 11 106.3 13.8
    10 SkyWest 119.9 10 107.1 11.9

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

    * The merged Southwest and AirTran are now reporting separately although operating under a single certificate.

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.

     

    Table 12. Top 10 U.S. Airports, ranked by January 2014 International Scheduled Enplanements on U.S. Airlines

    Passenger numbers in thousands (000)

    Jan 2014 RankAirportJan 2014 Enplaned PassengersJan 2013 RankJan 2013 Enplaned PassengersPct. Change 2013-2014
    1 Miami 528.7 1 497.2 6.3
    2 New York JFK 349.9 2 345.6 1.2
    3 Atlanta 345.3 3 307.6 12.2
    4 Houston Bush 284.8 5 268.3 6.2
    5 Newark 280.0 4 299.4 -6.5
    6 Dallas/Fort Worth 229.1 7 198.0 15.7
    7 Chicago O'Hare 192.8 6 208.3 -7.5
    8 Los Angeles 177.3 8 148.2 19.6
    9 San Francisco 135.9 9 128.2 6.0
    10 Detroit Metro 108.5 12 107.1 1.3

    Source: Bureau of Transportation Statistics, T-100 International Market

    Note: Percentage changes based on numbers prior to rounding.



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